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Can You Get PPP and ERC: The Ultimate Guide

Can You Get PPP and ERC: The Ultimate Guide

You have arrived at the right place if you are a business owner or employer seeking financial relief. This ultimate guide will lead you through the steps to access PPP and ERC benefits, assisting you in navigating the application process and maximizing your financial assistance. 

Whether you are unfamiliar with these programs or are seeking additional information, we have you covered. Let’s begin the process of knowing Can You Get PPP and ERC.

Key Takeaway

  • Employers can benefit from PPP (Paycheck Protection Program) and ERC (Employee Retention Credit); however, some restrictions exist.
  • During a pandemic, loans are given to small businesses to cover payroll and other vital needs. If the loan is used for approved expenses, it can be forgiven.
  • Tax credits are available to businesses that retain staff during economic downturns, reducing payroll tax liability.
  • ERC and PPP were initially incompatible, but rules were amended in 2021 to allow eligible enterprises to use both under specific situations.
  • To maximize PPP and ERC benefits, assess eligibility, manage payroll, preserve accurate records, claim retroactive ERC benefits, and seek professional advice.
  • Calculate ERC credits by determining eligibility, separating earnings for ERC and PPP, and subtracting ERC from PPP loan forgiveness to avoid double dipping.
  • Gather papers for PPP, locate a lender, complete the application, wait for approval, then spend cash for authorized expenses. Determine eligibility, analyze payroll, calculate the credit, claim it on tax returns, and keep proper records for ERC.
  • PPP forgiveness is not considered income for ERC purposes. Each has its own set of tax issues and perks. Professional assistance can ensure that these issues are handled correctly and expertly.

Can You Get PPP and ERC?

Can You Get PPP and ERC?

Obtaining PPP (Payroll Protection Program) and the ERC (Employee Credit) is possible, but certain restrictions and conditions for PPP and ERC overlap exist.

PPP (Paycheck Protection Program)

  • PPP is a loan program intended to assist small enterprises in continuing to pay their employees during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • To be eligible for a PPP, your business must meet specific requirements, such as having a limited number of employees and a demonstrated financial need.
  • The loan can be forgiven and converted into a grant if the PPP funds are used for eligible expenses, such as payroll, rent, and utilities.

ERC (Employee Retention Credit)

  • The ERC is a tax credit available to businesses that continue to pay their employees despite experiencing financial hardship due to COVID-19.
  • The ERC can be utilized to offset certain payroll taxes.
  • Initially, companies were unable to apply for both ERCs and PPPs. But, the law was amended in 2021 to permit eligible companies to use both benefits.

Can You Apply For ERC And PPP Both?

Can You Apply For ERC And PPP Both?

Employers can take advantage of the ERC (Employee Retention Credit) and PPP (Paycheck Protection Program) benefits; however, some specific conditions and restrictions should be considered when dealing with ERC and PPC interaction IRS

Employee Retention Credit (ERC)

  • The ERC is a tax credit intended to assist businesses in retaining employees during difficult periods, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Employers who qualify may deduct a portion of the compensation paid to eligible employees, reducing their payroll tax liability.

Paycheck Protection Program (PPP)

  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, PPP provides small businesses financing for payroll and other costs.
  • When enterprises use PPP funds for eligible expenses like payroll, rent, and utilities, the loan can be forgiven in part or whole and converted to a grant.

New Updates

  • The regulations will become effective in 2021. Businesses that obtain PPP loans can also utilize ERC only under certain conditions.
  • Credits used for PPP loan waivers cannot be utilized for ERC claims. In other words, you cannot “double dip” and receive the same benefits using the same currency.
  • However, various salaries or costs can be used for each program. FOR INSTANCE, if PPS covers your compensation, you can request this additional salary from ERC.

Important Considerations

  • Maintaining accurate records of wages, expenses, and use of both benefits is essential to avoid discrepancies or potential issues.
  • Consult a tax expert or the relevant government agency to ascertain specific requirements and to ensure compliance.

Differences Between PPP and ERC

Differences Between PPP and ERC

Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) and Employee Retention Credit (ERC) are two financial programs implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic to assist businesses and employees. Although both spaces are designed to be comfortable, their operations and financial services are distinct. Let’s examine the critical differences between PPPs and ERCs to help you comprehend the benefits of each program.

  • Purpose


  • PPP: PPP’s major goal is to help firms retain staff by offering loans to finance pensions and other obligations. The loan can be forgiven and converted into a grant if utilized to pay for approved expenses.
  • ERC: The ERC, on the other hand, is a tax credit designed to encourage companies to retain their employees despite the financial hardships brought on by the pandemic. Employers can claim a payroll tax credit for wages paid to qualified workers.


  • Eligibility


  • PPP: Businesses must meet strict standards to qualify for a PPP. Such as having a modest number of employees and demonstrating financial need. In theory, small enterprises with less than 500 employees are qualified.
  • ERC: Eligibility for the ERC is expanded and includes enterprises of all sizes that have received PPP loans.


  • Covered Expenses


  • PPP: The loan may be used to pay labor expenses, rent, utilities, and mortgage interest. At least sixty pERCent (60%) of the loan must be used for payroll expenses to receive complete loan forgiveness.
  • ERC: This discount applies to accumulated wages paid to employees during a specified period, regardless of whether or not the company has received a PPP loan.


  • Interaction between PPP and ERC


  • First, companies receiving PPP financing are prohibited from using the ERC for a single payment. In 2021, however, this was altered. Now businesses can utilize both services under specific conditions.
  • This payment cannot be used to cancel funds from the CPP or ERC. Double-dipping is prohibited, but companies use separate rates or fees for each project.


  • How Benefits are Received


  • PPP: If a company meets the forgiveness criteria, the PPP loan is converted into a grant.
  • ERC: The ERC can be claimed as a tax credit by businesses. If the settlement amount exceeds the amount of payroll tax owed, the transaction may qualify for a refund.

Benefits of the PPP and ERC
Benefits of the PPP and ERC

During difficult economic circumstances, the PPP and ERC significantly benefit businesses. Let’s talk in detail about ERC vs. PPC

PPP (Paycheck Protection Program)

  • Financial Assistance

The PPP provides businesses with loans to fund payroll and other essential expenses, including rent, utilities, and mortgage interest. This aid enables companies to continue paying their employees and provides peace of mind during uncertain times.

  • Loan Forgiveness Option

A significant advantage of the PPP is that the loan can be forgiven in whole or part if used for eligible expenses. Companies can qualify for complete credit forgiveness if at least 60 pERCent of the credit is utilized for labor costs. This transforms the loan into a donation, providing significant relief to businesses.

  • Employee Retention

PPP encourages employee retention by providing monetary incentives to businesses. Companies can keep paying their employees even if they struggle financially due to the outbreak. This assistance is crucial for employees who rely on their jobs to meet daily requirements.

  • Flexible Use of Funds

PPP funds can be used for expenses other than salaries. This flexibility enables businesses to meet their most pressing financial obligations, such as rent, utilities, and additional operating costs, while ensuring business continuity.

ERC (Employee Retention Credit)

  • Tax Credit for Retaining Employees

The ERC offers tax incentives to businesses that maintain payroll during difficult economic circumstances. This credit helps companies retain their employees despite their financial hardships.

  • Reduced Payroll Tax Liability

ERC accepts corporate income tax credit applications. This lowers the overall tax bill and frees up cash that can be reinvested in the business. It can be utilized for other important needs.

  • Additional Financial Support

The ERC is open to all firms, regardless of size or whether they have received a PPP loan. As a result, it is a beneficial option for people who do not qualify for a PPP or want additional financial aid.

  • Retroactive Benefits

The ERC can be claimed retrospectively for certain eligible periods. This allows enterprises to get credits for past worker salaries.

  • Encourages Business Continuity

By offering financial help through a tax credit, the ERC encourages firms to maintain operations and retain staff. They contribute to the overall economic stability.

How to Maximize the PPP and ERC?

How to Maximize the PPP and ERC?

These financial assistance programs can significantly assist your company during challenging times. This allows you to retain employees and maintain financial stability. Read this section to know how to maximize the PPP and ERC.

  • Evaluate Eligibility and Requirements

Before applying to a program, examine the eligibility requirements and criteria. PPP and ERC consider variables such as the number of employees lost sales and other unique circumstances.

  • Optimize Payroll Expenses

Manage your labor costs strategically to maximize PPP and ERC benefits. Consider utilizing some PPP funds for salary costs to meet award criteria and apply to the ERC for eligible salaries not covered by PPP.

  • Keep Accurate Records

Maintain accurate financial records of your business, including salaries, rent, and other acceptable expenses. Precise documentation will help you obtain more excellent benefits and guarantee that you meet the program’s requirements.

  • Apply for PPP Loan Forgiveness

If you received a PPP loan, apply for loan forgiveness immediately. Maximize the loan amount by using at least 60% of the loan amount. This frees up funds for other eligible expenses, potentially maximizing the ERC as reimbursement.

  • Claim Retroactive ERC Benefits

Verify whether your business can file retroactively for ERC benefits for wages paid during the vesting period. Thus, you can request a refund of previously paid wages and maximize your financial assistance.

  • Understand Tax Implications

Consider the tax consequences of both PPP and ERC benefits. Although PPP loan forgiveness is not taxable, ERC can affect your company’s tax liability. Understanding these factors will allow you to plan the financial future of your business more effectively.

  • Leverage Professional Guidance

Consult a financial expert or tax advisor with PPP and ERC regulations knowledge. Their advice will assist you in maximizing profits, making informed decisions, and avoiding possible risks.

  • Regularly Monitor Updates

Keep updated on program updates and changes in PPP and ERC laws and regulations. These initiatives have developed throughout time, and remaining updated will guarantee you reap the maximum benefits.

How To Calculate ERC Credit With PPP?

How To Calculate ERC Credit With PPP?

To achieve accuracy and maximum advantage, calculating Employee Retention Credit (ERC) with PPP (Paycheck Protection Program) requires careful consideration of critical factors. Following are the step-by-step instructions:

  • Determine Eligibility

First, determine whether your company is eligible for the ERC and the PPP. Remember that the qualifying criteria for each program can vary, so be sure you meet all of them.

  • Identify the Covered Period

In the case of PPP, state the loan’s covered period. This is when you can utilize the PPP funds for qualified expenses such as salary, rent, utilities, etc.

  • Separate Wages for ERC and PPP

Keep the fees and other expenses for ERC and PPP separate to minimize double dipping. Fees paid to ERC to cancel a PPP loan are non-refundable.

  • Calculate ERC Credit


  • Determine the ERC qualifying wages. These are salaries given to employees during specific epidemic times.
  • The qualifying pay for 2020 is $10,000 per employee for the entire year. Qualifying wages are capped at $10,000 per employee per quarter in 2021 and 2022.
  • The ERC is calculated as a pERCentage of qualified salaries. The ratio varies by year: 50% in 2020, 70% in 2021 and 2022.

5. Subtract ERC from PPP Loan Forgiveness

If you have a PPP Loan and want to apply for ERC, subtract the ERC Loan Amount from the PPP Loan Forgiveness Amount. This prevents you from receiving twice the benefits for the same price.

6. Claim the Credits

Use the required IRS forms to claim the ERC as a tax credit on your return. To know does PPP forgiveness count as income for ERC and seek PPP debt forgiveness, follow the lender’s application instructions and submit the relevant papers.

7. Consult with Experts

ERC calculation using PPP can be complex, as specific rules can vary over time. Consult competent tax professionals or financial advisors familiar with these programs to ensure proper estimates and maximum benefits.

How to Apply for PPP and ERC?

ERC calculation using PPP can be complex, as specific rules can vary over time. This is how to allocate wages between PPP and ERC:

PPP (Paycheck Protection Program)

  • Prepare Required Documentation

Collect all essential evidence, including pay stubs, tax returns, and verification of qualifying expenses like rent and utilities. Check that your company fits the eligibility requirements, particularly the number of employees and any income reductions.

  • Find a Lender

Locate a participating lender that provides PPP loans. You can contact banks, credit unions, or online lenders. Many lenders offer online applications to make the process easier.

  • Complete the Application

Fill out the PPP application that the lender provides. Provide accurate and detailed information, including payroll amounts, staff count, and other financial statistics.

  • Calculate Loan Amount

Calculate the maximum loan amount your company is eligible for depending on the lender’s criteria and your mortgage and other relevant expenses.

  • Submit the Application

Send the lender the completed application and supporting documents. If you’re applying online, follow the lender’s instructions for uploading the documentation.

  • Wait for Approval

Wait for the lender to review and approve your loan application. Depending on the borrower’s profession and expertise, this process can take several days to a few weeks.

  • Use Funds for Eligible Expenses

If your PPP loan is granted, you can use the cash to cover qualified expenses like payroll, rent, utilities, and mortgage interest during the coverage period.

ERC (Employee Retention Credit)

  • Determine Eligibility

Determine whether your company qualifies for the ERC based on employee retention and revenue reduction criteria.

  • Review Payroll Records

Examine the payroll to see what wages are paid during eligible times, often when your company’s earnings have dropped significantly or when the government closes down.

  • Calculate the Credit

The ERC is calculated as a pERCentage of qualified salaries. The credit proportion changes yearly: 50% in 2020, 70% in 2021 and 2022.

  • Claim the Credit on Payroll Tax Filing

Claim the ERC credit on Form 941 or Form 943, your quarterly or annual tax return. Check with your payroll department or a tax professional to ensure the accuracy of your claim.

  • Keep Accurate Records

Keep detailed records of wages and other ERC-required costs to support your credit calculations and meet IRS standards.

  • Consider Retroactive Claims

Check whether you can retroactively qualify for ERC from past eligibility periods. If you qualify, file payroll tax forms that have been amended to allow you to claim prepaid wage credits.

It’s best just to hire R&R Agency for these matters. They handle everything with expertise, accuracy, and dedication, ensuring businesses get the maximum financial support they deserve.

Does PPP Forgiveness Count As Income For ERC?

PPP releases do not contribute to ERC revenue. The benefits and tax implications of PPP loan transfers and ERC differ. The PPP transfer is not taxable income, whereas the ERC is a tax credit that reduces employee subsidy payments. 

Make sure to remember this when dealing with ERC and PPP loan forgiveness.

Apply for the ERC Tax Credits with the ERC Specialist

Maximize your tax benefits with our professional team of expert accountants. R&R Agency guarantees a refund if your business doesn’t qualify for ERC. 


Furthermore, our $1,000,000 EOM Insurance provides comprehensive coverage for your company. You can rely on us for hassle-free tax credit support!


In a nutshell, businesses can reap the benefits of PPP and ERC under certain conditions. The PPP provides financial aid and debt reduction, whereas the ERC offers tax credits for employee retention. 

Companies can receive the most assistance during challenging times if they understand their differences and how they connect.

If you want to take PPP or ERC and know how to start, consult R&R Agency now! Our highly seasoned team makes this application process stress free and painless for businesses!

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